Vaginal Cleansing Prior to Cesarean Section and Post-Operative Infectious Morbidity

  • Sara Asad Kiani Post Graduate Resident MCH, PIMS. Islamabad
  • Majida Zafar Senior Registrar, MCH, PIMS. Islamabad
  • Shagufta Yasmin Assistant Professor, MCH, PIMS. Islamabad
  • Syeda Batool Mazhar Professor and HOD MCH, PIMS, Islamabad


Objective: To compare the frequency of post-operative infectious morbidity in patients undergoing emergency cesarean section with and without pre-operative vaginal cleansing.
Methodology: A Randomized controlled trial in the department of obstetrics and gynecology, PIMS, Islamabad from 1st September 2014 to 31st January 2015 was conducted including 434 patients. Group B women received only abdominal and vulval scrubbing while Group A received additional vaginal cleansing with pyodine. Patients were followed up for development of infectious morbidity up to three weeks.
Results: Mean age of 28.4 ± 4.6 years in group A and 27.6 ± 5.9 years in group B. Fever was seen in 9 (4.1%) women in group A and 16 (7.4%) in group B (p=0.149). Endometritis was noted in 3 (1.4%) women in group A and 19 (8.8%) in group B (p=0.000). Wound Infection occurred in 3 (1.4%) women in group A and 8 (3.7%) in group B (p=0.126).
Conclusion: Use of antiseptic for vaginal cleaning before cesarean section decreased postpartum infectious morbidity due to endometritis.

How to Cite
ASAD KIANI, Sara et al. Vaginal Cleansing Prior to Cesarean Section and Post-Operative Infectious Morbidity. Journal of the Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecologists of Pakistan, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, p. 95-99, sep. 2018. ISSN 2307-7115. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 21 feb. 2019.
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