Frequency of Spontaneous Preterm Birth in Anemic Mothers

  • Nazish Shifa Orakzai foundation university islamabad
  • Zartaj Hayat Prof.  & Head of unit II, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Foundation University Medical College, Foundation University Islamabad.
  • Sayed Ibrar Hussain Assistant Professor Department of Pediatrics, Foundation University Medical College Islamabad & Foundation University Islamabad.
  • Arifa Bari Associate Professor,Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Foundation University Medical College, Foundation University Islamabad.
  • Nadia Ahmed Bokhari Assistant Professor,Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Foundation University Medical College, Foundation University Islamabad.
  • Samina Irshad Assistant Professor Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Foundation University Medical College Islamabad & Foundation University Islamabad.
Keywords: Preterm birth, Hemoglobin level

Abstract

Objective: To determine the frequency of spontaneous preterm birth in anemic pregnant mothers.

Methodology: This descriptive case series Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Unit II Foundation University Medical College, Foundation University Islamabad. All pregnant women who presented to antenatal clinic at >28 and <37 weeks of gestation were selected by consecutive non – probability sampling technique. A thorough history and examination was carried out after fulfilling the inclusion criteria. Blood complete picture was performed on booking visit, at 28th and 34th weeks of gestation. The subjects were followed up till delivery to find out association between anemia and spontaneous preterm birth.

Results: A total of 380 subjects were included in the study. Mean age (years) of the subjects was 33.03+/-5.54, whereas mean hemoglobin (gm/dl) at 28th and 34th weeks was 9.51+/-0.99 and 9.76+/-1.03 respectively. Out of 380 subjects, there were 93 (24.5%) anemic mothers having spontaneous preterm birth.

Conclusion: The study concluded that the frequency of spontaneous preterm birth in anemic pregnant mothers is substantial. Thus preventive measures must be taken in perinatal period in order to decrease the prevalence of anemia in pregnancy and to reduce the rate of preterm birth and its associated morbidity and mortality.

Author Biography

Samina Irshad, Assistant Professor Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Foundation University Medical College Islamabad & Foundation University Islamabad.

 

 

Published
2022-05-14
Section
Original Articles