Human Papillomavirus Status Among Women Presenting with Vaginal Discharge at Tertiary Care Hospital

  • Qurat ul ain Qureshi Consultant gynecologist, gynae & OBS Sindh Government Hospital Qasimabad
  • Noor ul ain Aziz Qureshi Resident of pathology, LUMHS Jamshoro
  • Pir Abdul Ahad Aziz Qureshi Assistant Professor, Radiology department of Sulaiman Roshan Medical College
  • Noureen Abbasi Registrar, Gynae & OBS, Agha Khan University Karachi
Keywords: Human papilloma virus, vaginal discharge, cervical cancer

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the frequency of human papillomavirus (HPV) in vaginal secretions of women complaining of abnormal vaginal discharge at the Department of Ob/Gyn LUMHS, Jamshoro.

Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the department of obstetrics and gynecology unit-IV LUMHS Jamshoro from November 2017 to October 2018. There were 202 sexually active women with vaginal discharge were included in this study. All demographic details and relevant reproductive health history were noted on a pre-designed Proforma. Cervical findings on clinical examination were also noted. After 10 days of test and smear results in the outpatient department and results of the test was noted on the Proforma.

Results: There were 202 sexually active women with vaginal discharge were studied, their mean age was 35.13±3.65 years.  Human papillomavirus (HPV) in vaginal secretions of women presented with abnormal vaginal discharge was found in 23.27% of cases. Rate of HPV was significantly high among illiterate and low educated women, low social economic status, and those women who had multiple partners (p=<0.05). However, the rate of HPV was statistically insignificant according to age, parity, and duration of marriage (p=>0.05).

Conclusion: The frequency of human papillomavirus (HPV) in vaginal secretions of women complaining of abnormal vaginal discharge was high. HPV infection continues to be a significant public health problem. Therefore, it is important that genotypes causing cancer in every area be defined.

Published
2021-06-11
Section
Original Articles