ESTIMATION OF IMPACT OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF URINANRY INCONTINENCE ON VARIOUS ASPECTS OF QUALITY OF LIFE IN FEMALES OF MANSEHRA CITY.
BACKGROUND Urinary incontinence is an involuntary leakage of urine at inappropriate time and place. The troublesome and embarrassing symptoms of UI badly disturb well-being of sufferer women. Urinary Incontinence causes physiological, psychological, and socio-economic limitations among females and also put bad impacts on rest of their lives as well. OBJECTIVE: This cross-sectional comparative survey was conducted with aim to assess the estimation of impacts of urinary incontinence on QOL in females and to find out type of incontinence among all which can greatly affect life of women with UI. For this purpose King’s Health Questionnaire was used. METHODOLOGY: Cross sectional comparative survey was conducted in Mansehra District. Total N=385 females were screened for either type of UI (stress, urge and mixed) in order to see overall impacts of UI on QOL as well as the type which affect the most by using the KING HEALTH QUESTIONNIRE. Sample size was calculated by using Raosoft Software. Non-probability convenient sampling technique was used. Data was collected after the ethical approval of Research Committee of the HHIRS. RESULT: Total sample was 385, out of which 280(72.7%) were suffering from urinary incontinence. The QOL was examined during cross-sectional survey and statistically it was found that most of the sufferers had greater negative impacts on their quality of lives due to urinary incontinence. It was found that general health perception, physical, social role limitations, sleep, energy and emotional disturbances were more commonly associated with UI as compare to the non-UI patients. Study also revealed that mix UI was predominant type constitutes about 51.8% of positive cases and put gross negative impact on QOL. CONCLUSION: It is concluded that every 7th out of 10 females is suffering from urinary incontinence due to which various aspects of her life including psychological, social and physical wellbeing are grossly compromised and mix type incontinence is prevalent among all in causing problems so, UI puts huge burden on our society that should be address immediately.
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