Prevalence of Gynaecological Malignancies in A Tertiary Care Hospital in Rawalpindi: A Three-year Review

  • Ayesha Akram HITEC-IMS
  • Samina Irshad
  • Maria Ashraf
  • Seema Gul
  • Nasim Irshad
  • Nadia Ahmed Bukhari

Abstract

Objective: To study the frequencies of gynecological malignancies in Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi.

Study Design: Retrospective observational study design.

Place and Duration: Gynecology department of Fauji Foundation Hospital Rawalpindi from 1st January 2015 to 31st December 2017.

Methodology: All patients confirmed on histopathology for gynecological malignancies were included in the study.

Results: A total of 130 patients were found to have gynecological malignancies. Among these, endometrial cancers were found to be the most common, followed by ovarian, cervical and vulval carcinomas. The mean age of women with cervical carcinomas (54.2 years) was lower than those with ovarian (54.5 years), endometrial (59.3 years) and vulval (68.5 years) cancers. The mean parity for patients with cervical cancers (6.0) was higher than those of ovarian (2.5) and endometrial cancers (4.7). The most common findings on histopathology for cervical cancers was squamous cell carcinoma, for ovarian cancers it was serous cyst adenocarcinoma and for vulval cancers squamous cell carcinoma.

Conclusion: Most common malignancy was endometrial followed by ovarian, cervical and vulval carcinomas in our study population.

Key words: Malignancies, gynecological, endometrial, cervical, ovarian, vulval

Published
2022-04-24
Section
Original Articles