The Fetomaternal Outcome in the Teenage Pregnant Patients Presenting at Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC), Karachi
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the foetal and maternal outcomes of a teenage pregnant patient who presented to Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Center (JPMC) in Karachi, Pakistan.
Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in the obstetrics and gynecology, Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre (JPMC), Karachi. A total of 119 consecutive teenagers were included. Maternal outcomes (lower segment caesarean section, anaemia, pre-eclampsia, and Eclampsia) and fetal outcomes (Premature Birth, Low birth weight, NICU admission) were recorded. Female, pregnant, age between 13 to 19 years old patients who had any gestation age in that service during the period from 25 Jan to 24 Jul 20, where the study's variables were analyzed to see the fetomaternal outcomes in the teenage pregnant patients.
Results: The mean maternal age was 17.01±1.30 years. A total of 55.5% of patients were found with lower segment caesarian section, 72.3% with anemia, 39.5% with preeclampsia, 21% with eclampsia, 16.8% with premature birth, 19.3% with low birth weight, and 10.1% with NICU admission. There was a significant association of the lower segment caesarian section with age and parity. Our study findings concluded that anemia was correlated with age, miscarriage history, and parity. Low birth weight was related to age and parity. NICU admission was associated with parity.
Conclusion: We observed 55.5% lower segment caesarian section, 72.3% anameia, 39.5% pre-eclampsia, 21% eclampsia, 16.8% pre mature birth, 19.3% low birth weight, and 10.1% NICU admission.
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