Association of Age Groups, Parity and Socioeconomic Status with Abnormal Pap-Smear

Factors of abnormal pap smear

  • Umbreen Naz Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Punjab Medical College, Allied/Civil Hospital, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  • Abid Rashid Directorate of Medical Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  • Farhan Sarwar Punjab Medical College, Allied/Civil Hospital, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  • Sarwat Ara Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Punjab Medical College, Allied/Civil Hospital, Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  • Muhammad Mudassar Ashraf Directorate of Medical Sciences, Government College University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Ahsan Sarwar Institute of Pathology, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the association of abnormal pap-smear results in women with the main triggering factors of their life.
Methodology: Pap-smear test was performed in 160 female patients (20 to 65 years old). Transformation zone was the area of screening. Pathological examination of each sample was performed and a cytological report was prepared. 
Results: Total 31.25% (50) out of 160 patients were observed negative for cytology or for any inflammatory changes and remaining 68.75% (110) patients showed abnormal pap-smears. Out of all abnormal pap-smear cases, 60% (96) patients showed inflammatory changes and 8.75% (14) patients showed positive cytology for premalignant or malignant changes. Majority of the patients showing positive smear were 35 - 44 years old, highly sexually active (grand multiparous) and were belonging to lower socioeconomic status.
Conclusion: It was concluded that grand multiparous and poor patients in between the age range of 35-44 years are at high risk to cervical cytology and they should make their regular medical check-up and papsmear test to live a risk-free life. 

Published
2018-02-19
How to Cite
NAZ, Umbreen et al. Association of Age Groups, Parity and Socioeconomic Status with Abnormal Pap-Smear. Journal of the Society of Obstetrics and Gynaecologists of Pakistan, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 4, p. 191-195, feb. 2018. ISSN 2307-7115. Available at: <http://jsogp.net/new/index.php/jsogp/article/view/27>. Date accessed: 20 sep. 2018.
Section
Original Articles