Unveiling Physiological Markers in Forensic Gynecology: Exploring Biomarkers as Indicators in Sexual Assault Investigations

  • Roohi Ehsan Karachi medical & dental college
  • SYED PERWEZ ALAM HoD/Associate Professor Liaquat College of Medicine & Dentistry, Karachi
  • Shahla Imran Assistant professor Bilawal medical college Lumhs jamshoro
  • Haya Afzal Indus Medical College TMK
  • Hanozia Shah Assistant professor Bmc Lumhs
  • Wasiq Ahmed Assistant Professor Karachi Medical & Dental College


Background: Sexual assault investigations often rely on physical evidence collected from survivors to corroborate their accounts and aid in legal proceedings. However, traditional methods may not always provide conclusive evidence. Thus, there is a need to explore physiological markers that can enhance the accuracy and reliability of forensic examinations in cases of sexual assault.

Aim & Objective: This study aimed to investigate the potential of physiological biomarkers as indicators in sexual assault investigations within the field of forensic gynecology. Specifically, the study sought to identify biomarkers that could provide valuable insights into the occurrence of sexual assault and aid in the determination of relevant legal outcomes.

Material & Methods: The study was conducted at Liaquat University of Medical & Health Sciences, Jamshoro. Study population was 120 individuals who were survivors of sexual assault. Over the course of March 2023 to April 2024, participants underwent comprehensive forensic examinations, including the collection and analysis of physiological samples to identify potential biomarkers associated with sexual assault.

Results: Through rigorous analysis, several physiological markers were identified as potential indicators of sexual assault. These markers encompassed various biological systems, including hormonal, immunological, and genetic factors. The study revealed significant correlations between certain biomarkers and the occurrence of sexual assault, providing valuable insights for forensic investigations.

Conclusion: The findings of this study underscore the potential utility of physiological biomarkers in forensic gynecology for elucidating cases of sexual assault. By incorporating these markers into standard forensic protocols, investigators can enhance the accuracy and reliability of sexual assault investigations, ultimately facilitating the pursuit of justice for survivors.

Keywords: Forensic gynecology, Sexual assault, Physiological markers, Biomarkers, Investigation, PIMS Islamabad.

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