Knowledge, Practice and Attitude Analysis for Breast Cancer Awareness & Prevention Among Pakistani Women: A Cross-Sectional Study

  • Ayesha Isani Majeed Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Shahhed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University
  • Farheen Raza Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences
  • Syeda Kiran Riaz Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University
  • Jaweria Kanwal Student MSC Gender Studies, AIOU, Islamabad
  • Shahzad Ali Khan Professor Health Services Academy
  • Assad Hafeez Professor, Health Services Academy
Keywords: Awareness, Breast Cancer, KAPS Analysis, Mammography


OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer is a fundamental public health concern showing alarming increase in Pakistan owing to poor disease management. The current study aimed to analyze Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) regarding breast cancer among Pakistani women.

METHODOLOGY: Descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, for a period of 3 months. A questionnaire was designed and participants were interviewed according to it in MCH Department, PIMS to assess regarding awareness of disease and role of mammography, clinical breast examination (CBE) and breast self-examination (BSE) in its prevention. Non-Probability consecutive sampling technique was used. All women coming to gynecology department and willing to participate in study were included.

RESULTS: Total 1000 women participated in study.Mean age of study population was33.68±11.9 years. Regarding Breast cancer awareness, despite 75%(n=750) of the women knowing the name of disease,  only 32% had proper awareness regarding disease process, purpose of mammography and breast cancer prevention.Only 19.6% (n=196)  among them had undergone mammographic screening. Majority (788, 78.8%) of the patients did not even know the right age of mammography. When questioned regarding reason for not having mammogram majority of females answered their physician didn’t prescribed it. A small fraction (n=287, 28.7%) of the participants had knowledge regarding BSE who also claimed to perform BSE however only 180 of them performed it properly.Only 30.3% (n=303) women were aware of CBE.

CONSLUSION: KAP regarding breast cancer prevention was too low. Only 1/3rd of the respondents were knowledgeable about mammographic screening for breast cancer prevention.Hence, training programs to keep women informed about breast cancer screening knowledge and practices are needed to augment quality of public health in breast cancer affected women of Pakistan.

Author Biographies

Ayesha Isani Majeed, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Shahhed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University

Professor and head of Radiology Department. Incharge Federal Breast Cancer Screening Center.

Farheen Raza, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences

Medical Officer, Radiology Department.

Syeda Kiran Riaz, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University

Assistant professor, Department of Molecular Biology, SZABMU, Islamabad.

Shahzad Ali Khan, Professor Health Services Academy

Associate Professor

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