Knowledge, attitude and practices towards osteoporosis in Postmenopausal women residing in Islamabad – A cross sectional Survey

  • Afifa Jamil House Office, PAF Hospital Islamabad,
  • Aiman Aftab House Officer, PAF Hospital Islamabad
  • Noor Fatima House officer PAF Hospital, Islamabad
  • Zille Huma Mustehsan, Assistant professor, Department of Community Medicine, Fazaia Medical College, Air university, Islamabad
  • Maheen kaleem House officer, PAF Hospital Islamabad.
  • Amna Arshad House officer, PAF Hospital, Islamabad
  • Muhammad Zeeshan
  • Abdullah khan Niazi


Objectives: To determine the knowledge of post-menopausal women regarding risk factors andprevention of osteoporosis, and to assess their attitude and practices towards osteoporosis.

Methodology: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted through an online self- administrated questionnaire comprising of 35 questions on a sample size of 101 post-menopausal women. Simple random sampling was used. The questionnaire was based on Osteoporosis Health Belief Scale. It included four sections, dedicated to demographic information, knowledge, attitude and practices, respectively. The questionnaire was also translated into Urdu for the ease
of the study participants. The research spanned from 12 th February 2022 – 15 th October 2022. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 23.
Results: Out of 101 participants, majority of the women had done matriculation or were college graduates. Most of the women were between 51-70 years of age. 76% women had adequate knowledge regarding the risk factors and prevention of osteoporosis but only 48% of them were practicing preventive activities. Weight bearing exercises and hormone replacement therapy were the most poorly identified preventive measures. It was observed that older women (51-56 years and above) were more devoted in their practices as compared to younger participants (40- 50years).
Conclusion: The women who participated in this study had satisfactory knowledge, but their preventive practices were lacking.

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