The Prevalence of Rhesus Negative Blood Group Among Pregnant Women in Bolan Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta
Objective: To determine the prevalence of Rh D negativity among pregnant women in BMCH, Quetta
Place and duration A ten years retrospective study of rhesus negative pregnant women was carried out at Bolan Medical Complex Hospital, Gynae/obs unit 4, between 1st January 2001-31st December 2010.
Methodology: A 10 –year retrospective study of women who presented for antenatal and in labour for delivery in gynae/obs unit 4, at Bolan Medical Complex Hospital, Quetta from 1st January 2001 to 31st December 2010. Data was obtained from antenatal and labour room registers and was analyzed.
Results: The prevalence of Rh D negative pregnant women was 1.4% in our study. Among them blood group O-ve was most common 36.5% followed by blood group A-ve 31.75%, blood group B-ve 23.76%, and blood group AB 7.98%, respectively. The parity of women ranged from para 0 to 18,with a mean parity of 4.4±3.42 and 90% of them were non booked cases and had no history of anti D antibody injection.
Conclusion: Rhesus D negative alloimmunisation is a preventable disease. We need to have proper antenatal checkups, adequate counseling about Rh D negative blood group and its consequences and make sure the availability of anti-D Ig in hospitals.