Study of Known Risk Factors Involved in Stillbirth In Kohat

  • Umar Hayat Department of Community Medicine, Khyber Medical University Institute of Medical Sciences Kohat,
Keywords: Still birth, risk factors

Abstract

Objective: To outline the known risk factors involved in stillbirth.                    

Study Design: Cross sectional study.                                    

Place And Duration: At gynecology and obstetrics department, Liaqat Memorial Hospital Kohat. From 1st June to 31 August 2015.                     

Methodology: A sample of 148 pregnant women was selected using simple random sampling. Data was collected using purpose built performa`s and analysed using spss 21.               

Results: Out of 148 cases, 15 cases were nulliparous, 126 were multipara, and 7 were grandmultipara. Mode of delivery in 117 cases was simple vaginal delivery, and rest underwent cesarean section.84 out of 148 had BMI>30 other had normal BMI. 65 out 148 had an antenatal visit, 121 cases were socioeconomically satisfactory, while 27 were poor.  Anemia was found in 139 out of 148, maternal malnutrition           in 66 cases, Hypertension in 46 females, fetal malformation in 15 cases, malaria in 2 cases, diabetes mellitus in 6 cases, 68 cases used prescribed drugs, 80 women  didn’t use any medications.

Conclusion: Our study sought to identify proportions of various risk factors associated with stillbirths. So Promotion of maternal health, Improvement of family planning services, knowledge of antenatal care and visits, sufficient health care delivery system is the key to minimize the rate of stillbirths.

Published
2018-01-29
Section
Original Articles