The Relationship Between Breastfeeding, Sleep and Postpartum Depression
Objectives:(1)To assess the relationship between breastfeeding and postpartum depression. (2)To assess the relationship between sleep and postpartum depression.
Study Design: Cross sectional study.
Place and duration of Study: The sample was drawn from Faisalabad, from October 4, 2015 to December 22, 2015.
Methodology: A sample of 90 breastfeeding and 90 non-breastfeeding mothers were taken by purposive sampling technique. The sample inclusion criteria were, all participants were undergone vaginal delivery, six weeks ago. Postpartum depression was measured by Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and sleep was assessed by Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI).
Results: In this study a significant association between breastfeeding, non- breastfeeding and postpartum depression scores χ2 = 6.95, p < 0.05 was observed and similarly a significant association between sleep scores and postpartum depression scores χ 2 = 11.17, p < 0.05 was observed. Results reveal that there is a significant relationship between breastfeeding, sleep and postpartum depression.
Conclusion: Non- breastfeeding and poor sleep both are risk factors for postpartum depression