Frequency of Pain Catastrophizing and Kinesiophobia Among Post Cesarean Females with Low Back and Pelvic Pain
Objective: The objective of the study is to determine the frequency of pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia and the possible relation between these variables in post-caesarean females with low back and pelvic pain in Lahore, Pakistan
Design: This descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted within six months duration from March 2017 to August 2017 in Lahore.
Methodology: Convenient sampling technique was used and a sample of 138 post cesarean females with low back and pelvic pain was collected from four different hospitals of Lahore. Post-cesarean primary & secondary parous females, aged between 20 to 40 years, with a complaint of non-specific low back and pelvic pain within six months after delivery were included in the study. Pain catastrophizing scale and Tampa scale of kinesiophobia were used to determine pain Catastrophizing behavior and kinesiophobia.
Results: Out of 138 participants, 46% participants had kinesiophobia, and 37% showed pain catastrophizing. The study demonstrated that both kinesiophobia and pain catastrophizing are associated (p< 0.001) and there is very strong positive correlation between the variables. (Coefficient of correlation r = 0.86)
Conclusion: A noticeably high frequency of pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia has been observed in post-cesarean women with low back and pelvic pain. Gynecologists can enhance the recovery of these patients by counseling sessions and referring them to psychiatrists and physical therapists for addressing psychiatric issues and optimizing physical activity.
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