PREVALENCE OF THYROID DISORDER IN PREGNANT WOMEN VISITING A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL
Objective: To determine the prevalence of thyroid disorder among patients attending the antenatal clinic.
Methodology: This descriptive cross-sectional study was done during January 2019 to June 2019 at department of Gynecology and Obstetrics unit-II civil hospital Karachi. A total of 182 pregnant women from weeks 8 to 26 weeks of pregnancy on first antenatal visit were selected in this study. Venous blood sampling of the patients was done for thyroid hormones test. All information was recorded in predefined proforma by researcher herself. Data analysis was done by using SPSS version 26.
Results: The average age of the women was 25.29±4.27 years. whereas average parity of the women was 1.46±1.04, average gestation age was 20.60±5.07 weeks and average level of TSH was 2.52±0.81 and Free T4 was 0.92±0.16. Thyroid disorder was in found 19.8% in pregnant women with the subclinical hypothyroidism rate of 12.1%, overt hypothyroidism 4.1%, subclinical hyperthyroidism 2.2% and overt hyperthyroidism 0.7%.
Conclusion: As per study conclusion the prevalence of thyroid was observed to high among 19.80% of pregnant women. Thus, universal screening of pregnant women for thyroid disorder should be considered especially in a country like ours where there is a high frequency of undiagnosed thyroid disorder.
Keyword: Thyroid disorder, subclinical hypothyroidism, overt hypothyroidism, subclinical hyperthyroidism and overt hyperthyroidism.
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