Frequency of Antenatal Depression in Different Trimesters
Objective: To evaluate and assess the frequency of antenatal depression in different trimesters.
Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted simultaneously in Gynae department of ANTH and the Islamic International Medical College (Railway Hospital) from January 2022 to July 2022. The study included all expectant women who visited a prenatal clinic and had no prior history of depression. Demographic and other data were gathered using a thorough structured questionnaire. The BDI (Beck Depression Inventory) scale was utilised to evaluate depression. The Beck Depression Assessment (BDI), a self-report rating inventory with 21 items, assesses the typical attitudes and depressive symptoms. More severe depression symptoms are indicated by higher overall scores. All the collected data was entered and analyze with the help of SPSS v. 25.
Results: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 134 pregnant women were included. The mean age of the study sample was 27.26 ± 4.842 years. The majority (58.96%) of the women in study were housewives followed by the women (23.13%) who were doing private job. In the study sample (29.85%), (34.33%), and (35.82%) women were in their first, second, and third trimester of pregnancy at the time of enrollment in the study. The rate of overall depression during pregnancy was found to be 24.63%, showing a trend of Mild mood disturbance (11-18) in 8.96% women, Moderate depression (19-29) in 9.70%, Severe depression (> 30) in 5.97% of women. The comparison of depression levels among three trimesters of pregnancy showed that there was no statistically significant (p-value > 0.05) difference in the rate of depression among the three trimesters of pregnancy.
Conclusions: The first trimester of pregnancy has the highest incidence and prevalence of depression among all three trimesters. Therefore, it's critical to pay attention to pregnant women's psychological health, especially during first trimester screening, and to facilitate the necessary interventions.
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