Fetal Outcome in Anaemic and Non Anaemic Pregnant Women
Objective; To compare the fetal outcome of anaemic pregnant women with matched nonanaemic pregnant women.
Study Design; Cohort study. Place and Duration of Study; Department of obstetrics and gynaecology unit I, Jinnah Hospital, Lahore from 1-32013 to 30-9-2013. Methodology; Non-probability/purposive sampling technique was used;2 groups were compared including booked pregnant women between 20-35 years of age with parity up to 5 while un booked pregnant women with anaemia due to chronic disease or due to structural abnormality were excluded.
Results; A total of 410 patients were registered in the study with mean age of 25.3 with SD of 4.4yrs with a mean hb of 10.3g/dl with SD of 1.49 g/dl, there were 64.9% females with more than one pregnancy, preterm birth was seen in 33.42% with a significant p value0.35 and LBW was in 23.6% patients with a significant p value of 0.049, APGAR score <7 were in 53.6% with significant p value of 0.043 and still birth was seen in 7.07% with a nonsignificant p value of 0.004
Conclusion; Anaemia is still a major health problem as well as clearly indicating that maternal anaemia is an indicator of adverse pregnancy outcome.