Breast Self-Examination Knowledge And Practice Among Newly Diagnosed Patients Of Carcinoma Breast

  • Arifa Manzoor
  • S H Waqar
  • Arshad Janjua
  • Sajid Ali Shah
Keywords: Carcinoma Breast, Breast Self Examination


Objective: The purpose of this study was to study the association of breast self-examination knowledge and practice with socio-demographic characteristics and stage at presentation in newly diagnosed patients of carcinoma breast.

Methodology: This cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out at Outpatient department of General surgery in Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad from 01-01-16 to 31-12-16. One hundred ninety-one patients consenting to participate in the study were included. A structured questionnaire was used to collect the data, along with socio-demographic characteristics which was analyzed using IBM SPSS 24. Descriptive statistics and Chi-square tests were performed to correlate demographic variables, knowledge and regular practice of BSE.

Results: Mean age of the study population was 50.46 (+ 11.74) with a range from 23 to 77 years. In our study, significant relationships (p<0.05) were found between knowledge and practice of BSE with age, marital status, education level, living area and socioeconomic status. A non-significant relation was found with knowledge and practice of BSE with family history and practice of BSE in housewives. We found that a patient who presented in stage I and II (n=96) had a good or fair knowledge of BSE whereas patients in stage III and IV (n=43) had poor or no knowledge about BSE. Although maximum no of patients occasionally practice BSE (n=103) but we found that patients (n=14) in Stage I and II regularly practice BSE as compared to patients (n=54) in stage III and IV who never practice BSE. Almost all the patients in stage I (n=43) had a concept about the usefulness of BSE in the early detection of breast cancer whereas all the patients presenting with stage IV (n=20) had no concept about BSE.

Conclusion: The results of our study has reinforced the role of knowledge and education in the practice of breast self-examination. There is a need for health education programs about breast cancer and its early detection to positively impact the disease burden in our population.

Author Biographies

Arifa Manzoor

Department of General Surgery, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Shaheed Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto Medical University, Islamabad

S H Waqar

Department of General Surgery SZABMU/PIMS, Islamabad

Original Articles